. “A Message of Hope” Ezekiel 37:1-14 Are you on pins and needles with everything that is going on in this world? The hand of the LORD came upon me and brought me out in the Spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley; and it was full of bones. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press. Bodily resurrection is the glorious hope of the Christian life, and it is gloriously tucked away throughout the Old Testament. This would include the scattered peoples of northern Israel who never returned from the Assyrian exile of 722 B.C. Alec Motyer and Derek Tidball; The Bible Speaks Today; Nottingham, England: Inter-Varsity Press, 2001), 20. dependence on Him alone. Breath came into the bones and they lived (37:10). Ezekiel was a captive of the Babylonians when God called him to be a prophet. 12. my people--in antithesis to "for our parts" ( Ezekiel 37:11 ). The hand of the LORD came upon me and brought me out in the Spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley; and it was full of bones. The second person puts the scene vividly before one's eyes, for the whole resurrection scene is a prophecy in action to render more palpably to the people the prophecy in word ( Ezekiel 37:21 ). There were bones all over the plain—dry bones, bleached by the sun. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. And we know that it is God’s Spirit that brings life. However, if one believes in the inspiration of the Old and New Testaments, as well as their continuity, then it should be presumed that the Old Testament teaches a future bodily resurrection. Church families opened homes, … The Lord shows Ezekiel a valley of dry bones. Even amid his cantankerous message, Ezekiel cherished the hope reposed in the monarchal covenant between Yahweh and David. Skin and flesh covered them, and the wind was then told to blow upon these bodies; and they were restored to life. 37 The hand of the Lord came upon me and brought me out in the Spirit of the Lord, and set me down in the midst of the valley; and it was full of bones. 37 1-2 God grabbed me. ... 4 He said to me, “Prophesy over these bones: ‘Dry bones, listen to the Message of God! However, when understood in its Old Testament context, there is a strong case to be made that Ezekiel 37 foreshadows a future bodily resurrection. Ezekiel 5:12; 6:12. and 538 B.C.). Ezekiel 37:1 The hand of the LORD was upon me, and He brought me out by the Spirit of the LORD and set me down in the middle of the valley; and it was full of bones. Furthermore, Ezekiel 37:24-25 speaks of David being king over Israel, a reference to Christ who comes from the Davidic line (Matthew 1:6; Romans 1:3). For the … It is worthy of note that the Apostle Paul referenced Genesis 2:7 in his most famous treatise on the future bodily resurrection in 1 Corinthians 15:45—“Thus it is written, ‘The first man Adam became a living being’; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit.”, Resurrection as a Metaphor for Israel’s Return. Thus two of the Old Testament passages mentioned above are cited in the New Testament in the context of bodily resurrection—Hosea 13:15 (1 Corinthians 15:55) and Psalm 16:9-10 (Acts 13:35). On the other hand, Israel who by Ezekiel’s time had become so despised that her enemies did not even bother to bury her slain (Jeremiah 8:1-2) was likened to a valley of dry bones (Ezekiel 37). God knew that they would not heed the warning (Ezekiel 3:7) but was adamant that the warning be delivered. Rather than a simple "Of course not", he says, "Sovereign Lord, only you can answer that." As the fall of Jerusalem marked an important transition in the life of the Israelites, it also marked an important transition in Ezekiel’s prophecies. Ezekiel 37:1 "The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which [was] full of bones," This is not the same as the prophecies that Ezekiel spoke. . Are you on pins and needles with everything that is going on in this world? There is no recording of this message. He led me around and among them—a lot of bones! The vision of Ezekiel in chapter 37 of his book is one of the most powerful anywhere in the Old Testament. in the hand of Ephraim--Ephraim, of the descendants of Joseph, had exercised the rule among the ten tribes: that rule, symbolized by the "stick," was now to be withdrawn from him, and to be made one with the other, Judah's rule, in God's hand. They listen to Ezekiel, but they do not do what the message … Of course, these were only resuscitations, as these people all died again. and decreed the following year (538 B.C.) with them--as foretold ( Genesis 9:27 ); John 1:14 , "The Word . The present thesis attempts to examine what is the message of hope which Ezekiel presents to the despairing people of Israel when the nation collapsed and the people were being exiled, and to demonstrate the basis of his message of hope, and its relation to earlier expressions of … The "all" in this case, not in that of Judah, which has only attached as "companions" the children of Israel" (that is, some of them, namely, those who followed the fortunes of Judah), implies that the bulk of the ten tribes did not return at the restoration from Babylon, but are distinct from Judah, until the coming union with it at the restoration. Ezekiel 36 Ezekiel 38 Chapter 37. Ezekiel is a wild book of the Bible, full of powerful visions and dramatic choices. ISBN 0-87249-553-1. It’s a message for today. Answer: Ezekiel’s vision of the valley of dry bones (Ezekiel 37:1–14) came to him after God had directed him to prophesy the rebirth of Israel in chapter 36. An image of Christian faith which believes in the coming general resurrection of the dead, in spite of all appearances against it, because God has said it ( John 5:21 , Romans 4:17 , 2 Corinthians 1:9 ). Answered 2017-01-12 19:30:37. Ezekiel's in Babylon, having been exiled there after the first siege of Judah by the Babylonians. The Spirit who gives God's people new hearts (Ezekiel 36:26-27) and returned Israel to the land (Ezekiel 37:14) is the same Spirit who will raise God's people to life at the last day (Romans 8:11). All of this is to say that Ezekiel 37’s allusion to bodily resurrection is consistent with other passages in the Old Testament and their failure to make the concept explicit. There are no particular difficulties in the description of the vision, so far as the meaning of the words is concerned. Breath of Life. Most scholars say that only a handful of Old Testament passages even hint at such a concept and that resurrection is mostly a New Testament doctrine. ... "The range of material in Ezekiel 34-37 can be appreciated when we see what God promises in those chapters. 3. can these bones live? His prophecies are very attentive to the Temple , the liturgy and the Sabbath. On the other hand, Israel who by Ezekiel’s time had become so despised that her enemies did not even bother to bury her slain (Jeremiah 8:1-2) was likened to a valley of dry bones (Ezekiel 37). 6. ye shall know that I am the Lord--by the actual proof of My divinity which I will give in reviving Israel. 37 1-2 God grabbed me. 2. dry--bleached by long exposure to the atmosphere. However, there is more going on in Ezekiel 37. God had said, "I am the God of Abraham," &c.; God, by taking the patriarchs as His, undertook to do for them all that Omnipotence can perform: He, being the ever living God, is necessarily the God of, not dead, but living persons, that is, of those whose bodies His covenant love binds Him to raise again. The touch from God brings this about. New York: Doubleday. He led me around and among them—a lot of bones! How much more when in the mouth of the Son of God! The difference is that Adam was new life, while the bones in Ezekiel were brought back to life. Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? The Jews regarded the lands of their captivity and dispersion as their "graves"; their restoration was to be as "life from the dead" ( Romans 11:15 ). The phrase “Spirit of the LORD,” also found in Ezekiel 37:1, is commonly used in the Hebrew Scriptures to signify “spiritual enablement to receive prophetic messages or visions.”5 2 See Ez 24:16ff. . For it is distinct from "the four winds" from which it is summoned. Ezekiel 37 – Life to Dry Bones and Unity to God’s People A. It's also a book of hope. The nation of Israel is DEAD. The first part of the chapter (Ezekiel 37:1-14) employs the vision of the valley of dry bones to teach the return of captive Israel to Palestine, an event which is appropriately illustrated here as a whole army which had been slain with their bones left to bleach in the sun, being suddenly raised to full life and strength! In the context, this resurrection language was a promise to bring Israel out of Babylonian captivity and back into Canaan. The prophet reapplied the Davidic promise by emphasizing its fulfillment in the future. Even amid his cantankerous message, Ezekiel cherished the hope reposed in the monarchal covenant between Yahweh and David. 1 Corinthians 15), the Old Testament really lays the groundwork for the New Testament’s teaching. Even before the explicit teaching on resurrection from the Apostles, Martha said to Jesus regarding her brother Lazarus, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day” (John 11:24). First, the rest of Ezekiel 37 has the new covenant in mind, which explicitly teaches a future bodily resurrection. Then He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel. 4. . For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at the last he will stand upon the earth. Spiritually: a man may assume all the semblances of spiritual life, yet have none, and so be dead before God. He was a contemporary of both Jeremiah and Daniel. Then He caused me to pass by them all around, and behold, there were very many in the open valley; and indeed they … My tabernacle . (It is used 10 x in this chapter—37: 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 14.) The vision of the valley of dry bones was explained to be a metaphor for Israel’s return from captivity (37:11-14). God asked Ezekiel, “Son of man, can these bones live?” Ezekiel responded, “O Lord GOD, you know” (37:3). Ezekiel 37. Ezekiel was sent by God to give a message to the children of Israel. He promises to bring Israel out of anarchy (Ezek 34), into the land (Ezek 35:1-36:15), back from disgrace (Ezek 36:16-38), up from the grave (Ezek 37:1-14) and together out … He appointed Ezekiel as watchman over the House of Israel to warn that if they did not repent and turn back to God He would execute the final stage of his judgement on them. . 4 See Ez 1:3, 3:14, 3:22, 8:1, 33:22, 37:1, and 40:1. 7. noise--of the bones when coming in mutual collision. Israel was given a message of hope in their time of punishment and captivity specifically through the allegory of the valley of dry bones. But God recorded it to be an end-time warning to the nations descended from those lost tribes today. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. with him--that is, Judah; or "it," that is, the stick of Judah. From the time the Roman’s destroyed Jerusalem until 1948 Israel had no place to call home. Rather than making sense of God out of our circumstances, Ezekiel challenges us to make sense of our circumstances in light of who God is and what God has done. (See Jeremiah 31:31, where the new covenant is made with “the house of Israel and the house of Judah.”), The two kingdoms of Israel find unification in Christ, who disciples “all nations” (Matthew 28: 19). Here are two reasons. The God alone could cause them to live. This book is basically about the destruction and exile of Judah and the promise of its eventual restoration by God. dwelt among us" (literally, "tabernacled"); first, in humiliation; hereafter, in manifested glory ( Revelation 21:3 ). . They indeed say, ‘Our bones are dry, our hope is lost, and we ourselves are cut off!’ SO WE KEEP PRAYING! (1-14) The whole house of Israel is represented as enjoying the blessings of Christ's kingdom. Ezekiel 37 is the thirty-seventh chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. The one in the 37th chapter speaks directly to the desperate plight of Israel down through the ages. God ’s Spirit took me up and set me down in the middle of an open plain strewn with bones. There is a connection here with the prior chapter: And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. Ezekiel was commended to pray – to boldly prophesy to the Spirit – calling on the Spirit to come upon those upon whom the word of God has worked. According to dates given in the text, Ezekiel received his prophetic call in the fifth year of the first deportation to Babylonia (592 bc) and was active until about 570 bc. So this scene suggests the aftermath of a battle. But is this only a metaphor? cause breath to enter into you--So Isaiah 26:19 , containing the same vision, refers primarily to Israel's restoration. Ezekiel lays hold of the metaphor, which had been taken to express the hopeless destruction of Israel’s national existence, and even from it wrings a message … Ezekiel 37:1 - 12. He led me around and among them - a lot of bones! For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim--Ephraim's posterity took the lead, not only of the other descendants of Joseph (compare Ezekiel 37:19 ), but of the ten tribes of Israel. The Resurrection of a People (Ezekiel 37:1-14) Barton Stone, pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Cain Ridge, Kentucky, hearing what success camp meetings were having planned a camp meeting at Cain Ridge for the first weekend of August, 1801. The Dry Bones Live - The hand of the Lord came upon me and brought me out in the Spirit of the Lord, and set me down in the midst of the valley; and it … 26. covenant of peace--better than the old legal covenant, because an unchangeable covenant of grace ( Ezekiel 34:25 , Isaiah 55:3 , Jeremiah 32:40 ). . This pandemic is new to all of us and not something that we have ever experienced before. Ezekiel 37 is one of the most well know chapters in the book of Ezekiel. If Ezekiel 37:1-14 were taken in isolation, then it would be uncertain whether this passage foretells a future bodily resurrection. There is no precedent for those of us living in the 21st Century. Scissors would also be nice. Actually, the first few verses of the Book of Isaiah provide a concise overview of the Book of Ezekiel! But God promised to raise Israel from their graves (37:12-14). And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. This is God reaching to Ezekiel, not Ezekiel reaching to God. For your dew is a dew of light, and the earth will give birth to the dead (Isaiah 26:19). out of . There is nothing in us to give hope, like a withered branch "cut off" from a tree, or a limb from the body. There are four promises here that are all wrapped up together: I will open your graves and raise you from your graves (37:12).And I will bring you into the land of Israel (37:12, 14).And you shall know that I am Yahweh (37:13, 14).And I will put my Spirit within you (37:14). This chapter contains a vision of the resurrection of dry bones, widely known as the vision of the "valley of dry bones", in which Ezekiel at last assures the captives in Babylon … I . BUT … God has a vision for the nation. 5. Klein, Ralph W. (1988). children of Israel his companions--that is, Judah and, besides Benjamin and Levi, those who had joined themselves to him of Ephraim, Manasseh, Simeon, Asher, Zebulun, Issachar, as having the temple and lawful priesthood in his borders ( 2 Chronicles 11:12 2 Chronicles 11:13 2 Chronicles 11:16 , 15:9 , 2 Chronicles 30:11 2 Chronicles 30:18 ). Though this chapter does not directly prove the resurrection of the dead, it does so indirectly; for it takes for granted the future fact as one recognized by believing Jews, and so made the image of their national restoration (so Isaiah 25:8 , 26:19 , Daniel 12:2 , Hosea 6:2 , 13:14 ; compare Note. Your dead shall live; their bodies shall rise. This is seen in that God promised to put His Spirit within His people—“And I will put my Spirit within you, and you shall live” (37:14). Question: "What is the meaning of the Valley of Dry Bones in Ezekiel 37?" It is also one of the most positive, optimistic lessons in this series. The structure of Ezekiel 37 According to Boadt, ‘Ezekiel is one of the most highly ordered books in the Bible’ (1984:388) with chapter 37 situated in the last order. Using the reality of the resurrection, the Lord shows Israel, whose members are scattered like the bones of a dismembered body, that he will reconstitute them into a living entity, just as he will reconstitute bones of dismembered bodies into living bodies. my sanctuary--the temple of God; spiritual in the heart of all true followers of Messiah ( 2 Corinthians 6:16 ); and, in some "literal" sense, in the restored Israel (Ezekiel 40:1-44:31'). I said, "Master God, only you know that. And those who are wise shall shine like the brightness of the sky above; and those who turn many to righteousness, like the stars forever and ever (Daniel 12:2-3). . There are … The Valley of the Dry Bones (Ezekiel 37) is Ezekiel’s prophecy about the nation Israel being drawn back together from the four corners of the globe. Their covenant relation to God ensures His not letting death permanently reign over them. Though its root grow old in the earth, and its stump died in the soil, yet at the scent of water it will bud and put out branches like a young plant. He led me around and among them—a lot of bones! God started by showing him an incredible vision of God’s traveling throne, with angels with four faces and four wings, and wheels within wheels full of eyes! The union of the two rods was a prophecy in action of the brotherly union which is to reunite the ten tribes and Judah. The weaving thread in Ezekiel chapters 34–48, described as the gospel of hope according to Ezekiel (Block 1998:268), is its restorative hope principle.1 Liberating hope The union effected at the restoration from Babylon embraced but comparatively few of Israel; a future complete fulfilment must therefore be looked for. The structure of Ezekiel 37 According to Boadt, ‘Ezekiel is one of the most highly ordered books in the Bible’ (1984:388) with chapter 37 situated in the last order. Ezekiel 37 – Life to Dry Bones and Unity to God’s People A. This reunification never literally happened, which suggests that it finds a broader fulfillment in the new covenant and the coming of Christ. out of your graves--out of your politically dead state, primarily in Babylon, finally hereafter in all lands (compare Ezekiel 6:8 , Hosea 13:14 ). Portrait of the great resurrection . . Yahweh brought Ezekiel out in His Spirit to a valley of dry bones (37:1). God ’s Spirit took me up and set me down in the middle of an open plain strewn with bones. And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God, whom I shall see for myself, and my eyes shall behold, and not another (Job 19:25-27). They were resurrected. I'll increase their population as with a flock of sheep. Both alike were nationally dead. during the Babylonian captivity of the Jews. . If so, you are not alone, and in many respects, this is a good thing. Compare as to God's renovation of the earth and all its creatures hereafter by His breath, Psalms 104:30 . Ezekiel’s prophecy began a mere five years into his time at Tel-abib (Ezekiel 1:2), and he continued to prophesy among the people for at least twenty-two years (29:17). God asks him whether they can come back to life. Yahweh brought Ezekiel out in His Spirit to a valley of dry bones (37:1). Ezekiel 37:11. Compassion is hidden from my eyes (Hosea 13:14). However, like all … that the Jews could return to the land (Ezra 1:1-4; 2 Chronicles 35:22-23). God wants to deliver us from so much! Does the Old Testament teach the resurrection of the dead? This can be seen in Ezekiel 37:1-14. Sermon Series: Parables Message 2 of 4: The Valley of Dry Bones Scripture: Ezekiel 37:1-14 Notes from a message offered Sunday, 8/4/19 at Trinity United Methodist Church, Sarasota Florida. bones came together--literally, "ye bones came together"; as in Jeremiah 49:11 (Hebrew), "ye widows of thine shall trust in Me." That message also foretells the unification of God’s people that started to take place during the last days. Ezekiel 37:2 – and caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry.. . Then in Ezekiel 37 God again mentions the indwelling of His Spirit, this time in the context of returning Israel to the land. This is made clear in Acts 2:5—“Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven.”. In chapter 37 of Ezekiel, other details of the Lord’s latter-day gathering are explained. God's Spirit took me up and set me down in the middle of an open plain strewn with bones. ( Ezekiel 36:25 ). No longer did he call Jews to repentance to avoid being overthrown. Or is God using the language of resurrection in order to also communicate a future bodily resurrection? So I answered, 'O Lord God, you know'" (Ezekiel 37:1-3 Ezekiel 37:1-3  The hand of the LORD was on me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the middle of the valley which was full of bones,  And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, see, they were very dry. This pandemic is new to all of us and not something that we have ever experienced before. The future bodily resurrection promised in Scripture is one in which God’s people will receive glorified bodies that will never die (1 Corinthians 15:42-49). Israel was given a message of hope in their time of punishment and captivity specifically through the allegory of the valley of dry bones. Ezekiel 37:10, NLT: "So I spoke the message as he commanded me, and breath came into their bodies. The vision of ‘Dry Bones’ in Ezekiel 37:1–28: Resonating Ezekiel’s message as the African prophet of hope . Proud member
Besides the Spiritual component of Ezekiel 37, there is also a hint of a future bodily resurrection. Ezekiel 37:10, NASB: "So I prophesied as He commanded me, and the breath entered them, and they came to life and stood on their feet, an exceedingly great army." For there is hope for a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that its shoots will not cease. “A Message of Hope” Ezekiel 37:1-14 Are you on pins and needles with everything that is going on in this world? 11. Elijah raised a widow’s son (1 Kings 17:17-24), Elisha raised the Shunammite’s son (2 Kings 4:18-37), and a man who touched Elisha’s bones was revived (2 Kings 13:20-21). The union of Judah and Israel under King Messiah symbolizes the union of Jews and Gentiles under Him, partly now, perfectly hereafter ( Ezekiel 37:24 , John 10:16 ). (1-3) The valley of bones. But it is a message for all people, a message … 3 He said to me, “Son of man, can these bones live?” Commentary on Ezekiel 37:1-14 (Read Ezekiel 37:1-14) No created power could restore human bones to life. . (1-3) The valley of bones. (3) The community thus restored is strong enough to withstand the assault of Gog, &c. (Ezekiel 38:1-39:29') [EWALD]. Ezekiel 37 is a famous passage that records Ezekiel’s vision of the valley of dry bones. He calls them "My people" when receiving them into favor; but "thy people," in addressing His servant, as if He would put them away from Him ( Ezekiel 13:17 , 33:2 , Exodus 32:7 ). . . The Book of Ezekiel, one of the major prophetical books of the Old Testament. Three stages in Israel's revival present themselves to the prophet's eye. In 1967 at the end of the ‘6 day war’ Israel was once again a nationalized people, fulfilling Ezekiel’s prophecy. This vision took place while Israel was in Babylonian captivity (so sometime between 586 B.C. 19. 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